Brant, a wild goose of North America. The American brant is common along the eastern coast in winter. It is 22 to 30 inches (56 to 76 cm) long and weighs three to four pounds (1.4 to 1.8 kg). The feathers of the back are brownish-gray. The belly is lighter gray and white. Head, neck, and upper breast are black. A streaky white band around the front of the throat resembles a collar. The black brant, a subspecies of the American, is found along the Pacific coast. Its breast and belly are black.
Brants live and breed in arctic regions in the summer. The four or five eggs are whitish. The birds hatch their young during the short warm season, then fly south to winter along the seacoasts of the United States. Their principal winter food is eelgrass.
Brants are good to eat and are popular game for hunters. The birds are found in salt marshes near the sea in winter. In flight, a flock of brants maintains a square formation or a ragged line. Their trumpeting cry resembles that of other wild geese.
Brants belong to the family Anatidae. The American brant is Branta bernicla; black brant, B. b. nigricans.